Problem statement

West Africa is characterised by very large hydrological systems flowing considerably from wet tropical regions to arid or semi-arid regions. Transboundary water resources account for 80% of surface water in these regions. This situation results into high sub regional interdependence, hence the potential conflicts among riparian countries. Though transboundary basin organisations provide a framework for water resources management beyond national borders, large hydraulic infrastructures projects often involve several countries thus creating a potential for conflicts. Such projects should also be designed taking into consideration factors that will have in the medium and long term, a strong impact on water resources and their uses: climate change and climate variability, demography and population dynamics, increase in agricultural commodity prices, energy development...

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An ECOWAS/WRCC initiative supported by IUCN